Sri Lanka (also known as Ceylon in the tea trade) is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait, and lies off the South Eastern tip of India. Known for its black teas, Sri Lanka is the world’s fourth largest producer of tea. The tea industry is one of the country’s main sources of foreign exchange with tea accounting for 15% of the GDP. The humidity, cool temperatures, and rainfall in Sri Lanka’s central highlands provide a climate that favors a very high quality tea. The industry was introduced to the country in 1867 by James Taylor, the British planter who arrived in 1852. The different tea areas in Sri Lanka are Nuwara Eliya, Dimbula, Kandy Uda Pussellawa, and the Uva and Southern Provinces.